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All About Textile Design
Textile design is the system of creating structures and designs for woven, knitted, and non-woven fabrics. Textile industry is an evergreen industry, as clothes are one of the essential basic needs of human. Textile design includes making various patterns for clothing, decorative textiles such as carpets, and household textiles such as towels, etc. Textile design, in other words, is the process of raw material becoming the final product. The design process involves in certain key aspects such as; yarn, fiber, finishes, etc.
Textile design is a very creative field, which connects carpet manufacturing, fashion designing, and every other textile related field. Textile design incorporates the best of contemporary designs that are stylish and creative. The fundamental activities of textile designing are:
To conceptualize innovative designs. To make design samples sets. To conduct experiments with fabric, color, and texture. Attend trade shows. To create fabric designs to match the emerging trends of fashion
YOU GOT ALL THAT?
A textile designer is the one who creates the textile design and requires a complete knowledge on weaving, yarning, dyeing, and finishing procedures as well. The designer also has to have knowledge of various looms, knitting machines, and process of printing.
Basic Procedure of Textile Design
The first step is sketching of the final product or final design that is visualized by the textile designer for the printed and woven textiles. The textile design requires several skills to develop various unique designs. This requires a technical knowledge too along with commercial awareness of this industry to create designs that matches the current trend. This requires a good research as well as data handling. Creation of various designs also requires critical interpretations and evaluations of the different type of fabric used in the different design works.
A, B, C, D . . .
The present times of textile design requires the basic CUSTOM design structure to be written or drawn on a paper and later using software. Once a pattern is finalized and agreed upon, the textile designer chooses the appropriate fabrics for his or her design and gets the design woven or printed into the fabric. A designer may also choose to use methods of printing and dyeing to create the designs. The different types of printing methods used are:
Þ Direct printing or blotch printing
Þ Discharge printing
Þ Block printing
Þ Roller printing
Þ Screen printing
Þ Ink-jet printing
Þ Heat transfer printing
Currently professionals in the textile design field apply the CAD or computer aided software for creating several designs quickly. The heat transfer printing and ink jet printings are some of the advanced methods of printing used in the textile industry.
Application of CAD in Textile Design
CAD or computer aided design technology provides ease of creation of literally all types of weaves of fabrics and all types of designs. This technology has created a revolution in the textile design and textile industry as a whole. It helps to reproduce the original design created by the designer into the real fabric and view the design in different color combinations much before the real fabric is produced. This helps the designer to get the real picture of his creation and make changes if necessary or improve upon the original creation.
No implementation? You lose!
Almost every textile design company adapts this technology including the handloom division. The CAD application for manufacturing and textile design are applied in several areas including; jacquard, dobby, blankets, carpets, and other screen printing and knitting industries. This aids in increased productivity along with adding value to the commodity to meet the demands of the market, which is changing rapidly.
Various Elements in Textile Design
There are five elements that are a part of every kind of design, and this includes even the textile design.
Lines – Different types of lines include horizontal, vertical, and diagonal. They can be thin, thick, jagged, zigzag, curved, straight, or wavy. In textile design, these can also be embroidery or seam. Lines such as striped lines can be a pattern or a weave of the fabric. However, every type of textile design basically has lines.
Shapes – Connecting various types of lines creates Shapes. In textile design, these shapes form the patterns such as: hound’s tooth, polka dots, plaid, etc.
Color – Color is an essential element that enhances the design. This is one of the basic aspects the designer has to decide upon, as it plays a huge role in projecting the design in the desired manner.
Texture – Texture is another key element of a textile design. Various textures of fabrics such as; denim, wool, corduroy, satin, cotton, etc., requires various designs to suit the trend and need of people, as each of these appear different in different designs.
Space – This is another important element of textile design, as it determines the appearance of the final apparel in the way it is used.
EACH UNIQUE FACTOR TO DETAIL AND CUSTOM DESIGN MATTERS!
Textile Design Studios
A textile design studios consists of a team of textile designers and is furnished with art equipments, small machines, presentation boards, screens, design software, computers, and other tools. In other words, a design studio is the workplace for the artisans and designers to conceive, design, and develop new designs.
The freelance designers who engage in product design, have a studio set up in their bedroom or a corner of their office whereas, thousands of designers work together in a huge studio set up by a company. These large studios also have other sort of employees such as technicians and administrative staffs.
The ownership of the studio also depends on the type of studio. Individual designers who choose to operate on their own have small studies; medium studios are owned by manufacturers of consumer goods or design companies who cater to various companies.
There are automotive design studios, which are the largest among all design studios. These have huge clay modeling surfaces, huge clay milling machines and scanning machines and are located away from the manufacturing units. The range of studio design commodities comprises of table linens, bed linens, cushions, floor carpets, curtains, etc.
In essence, the textile design studios put up final products for sale to reputable buyers from around the world.
While the technological advancements have greatly contributed to the textile design and textile up to the demands of the trend and needs. Of course, every industry has its plus and minus and textile design is no exception.
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Written by: Andrew Kelly